Exercise: Improvement or interpretation
For this exercise I have chosen a contrasty image and used the Capture NX2 Selection brush to improve the visibility of the figure on the left.
I used a simple levels and curves adjustment to brighten the figure after highlighting using the selection brush. I chose to feather the selection also to blend it in the surroundings.
This adjustment is simply equivalent to dodging and burning carried out traditionally in the darkroom. It is part of post processing to produce an image acceptable to the photographer and one that helps to convey his interpretation of the scene. A photograph is not real, but each one is unique. These subtle changes have not changed the basic nature of the image.